How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 by means of Cloudera Supervisor

Editor’s Word (added Feb. 25, 2015): For releases past 4.5, Cloudera recommends the usage of Cloudera Director for deploying CDH in cloud environments. 

Cloudera Manager features a new specific set up wizard for Amazon Internet Services and products (AWS) EC2. Its purpose is to allow Cloudera Supervisor customers to provision CDH clusters and Cloudera Impala (the open supply allotted question engine for Apache Hadoop) on EC2 as simply as conceivable (for checking out and construction functions handiest, now not supported for manufacturing workloads) – and thus is lately the quickest technique to provision a Cloudera Supervisor-managed cluster in EC2.

The brand new distinguishing function offered in model 4.Five is that Cloudera Supervisor can now release and configure the cases for you, so that you don’t have to fret about launching the cases, authorizing SSH keys, and configuring a firewall. All this will now be carried out from inside of Cloudera Supervisor! 

Since Cloudera Supervisor and the nodes operating CDH use inside hostnames to keep up a correspondence, the Cloudera Supervisor server should run on EC2 as smartly. In truth, the Cloud Categorical Wizard handiest seems when putting in Cloudera Supervisor on EC2.

Right here’s what you’ll be able to do with Cloud Categorical Wizard:

  • Provision new EC2 cases (AWS credentials required)
  • Choose from CentOS and Ubuntu pictures (or a customized AMI)
  • Make a selection your EC2 example kind
  • Set up essentially the most just lately launched CDH, Cloudera Impala, and Cloudera Supervisor agent applications on them

And right here’s what you can’t do:

  • Use pre-existing EC2 cases
  • Set up older (previous ) variations of CDH and Cloudera Supervisor, or use Parcels 

I’m excited to turn you the way this option works. Those directions will arrange an absolutely configured CDH cluster (all services and products with embedded PostgreSQL) from scratch in lower than 15 mins.

Step 1: Set up Cloudera Supervisor Server on EC2

First, it is very important  release an EC2 example for the Cloudera Supervisor server, which would require an AWS Get right of entry to Key ID and AWS Secret Key — please practice these instructions if you want lend a hand getting them.

To release the EC2 example, pass to “EC2” within the AWS internet console and make a selection “Cases” within the left menu. Sooner than you provision the example, make a selection the EC2 area you need your example to be in (dropdown in most sensible proper nook of the internet console). For his demo, you’ll be able to merely use the default “N. Virginia (us-east-1)” area. Click on on “Release Example” and make a selection the Vintage Wizard. At the subsequent web page, pick out the “Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS” 64-bit symbol. You wish to have one example of kind “m1.huge.” You’ll be able to stay the default values of different settings and continue to the “Create Key Pair” web page.

When you don’t have an SSH key imported to EC2 already, make a selection “Create a brand new Key Pair.” Input the identify of your new key pair, and click on “Create and Obtain your key pair.” This will likely obtain a .pem document for your pc. (Essential: AWS does now not shop the personal SSH keys, so save this document otherwise you gained’t have the ability to SSH into the example we’re about to release.)

You will need to to configure the EC2 firewall as it should be. At the “Configure Firewall” web page make a selection “Create a brand new Safety Crew,” and authorize all of the ports indexed underneath:






Cloudera Supervisor internet console



Agent heartbeat



(non-compulsory, Cloudera Supervisor internet console with TLS)



Embedded PostgreSQL



ping echo

Subsequent, pass to the closing web page of the wizard and release the example!

How one can Set up the Newest Model of Cloudera Supervisor
As soon as the state of the example is “operating” (provisioning takes generally lower than Five mins), you  can SSH in and set up Cloudera Supervisor 4.5. The general public hostname of the example is indexed within the example main points within the AWS console.

$ ssh i yourkey.pem


Obtain the Cloudera Supervisor 4.Five installer and execute it at the far off example:

$ wget
$ chmod +x clouderasupervisorinstaller.bin
$ sudo ./clouderasupervisorinstaller.bin


As soon as the installer finishes, use the general public hostname of your server example to navigate to your browser to, after which log into the internet console (the default username and password are each “admin”). When you’re effectively logged in, congratulations!

Step 2: Putting in a CDH Cluster with Cloud Categorical Wizard

After logging in, Cloudera Supervisor will stumble on that it runs on EC2, and it is going to greet you with the welcome display screen of the brand new wizard (see underneath). There’s a caution that the cases began by means of this installer are example store-based, which means that preventing or terminating those cases ends up in shedding all knowledge saved on them. Consider to back-up  essential knowledge from the cluster sooner than terminating the cases!

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera ManagerDetermine 1: Cloud Categorical Wizard

Why does Cloudera Supervisor want instance store-backed over EBS-backed AMIs? Even if EBS volumes be offering continual garage, they’re network-attached and fee in step with I/O request, so they don’t seem to be appropriate for Hadoop deployments. If you want to experiment with EBS-backed cases, you’ll be able to all the time use a customized EBS AMI.

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 2: Cloud Categorical Wizard – example specs

Pass to the second one web page of the wizard (Determine 2) to specify the main points in regards to the hosts we’re about to release. Cloudera Supervisor detects the area it runs in, and the brand new cases shall be put in there as smartly. The next attributes can also be specified:

  • OS (Amazon Device Symbol, AMI): Cloudera helps Ubuntu 12.04 and CentOS 6.Three pictures. Cloudera Supervisor is aware of which AMI to make use of for the required area. If you select to make use of a customized AMI (that is particularly to hand if you wish to pre-install some gear or authorize SSH keys in your hosts), make certain the AMI is to be had within the specified area.
  • Example Sort: Handiest example varieties matching the minimal necessities for CDH hosts are to be had. m1.medium shall be enough for this demo. The high-storage cases (hs1.8xlarge) don’t seem to be but to be had however shall be integrated in a long term liberate of Cloudera Supervisor .
  • Selection of Cases: You’re going to create 4 cases for this demo. Even if there is not any prohibit at the selection of cases, you’re prone to exceed the EC2 API request prohibit  in case you attempt to create greater than ~20 cases without delay.
  • Crew identify: The non-compulsory “staff identify” is there that can assist you establish the cases introduced by means of the wizard, and it is going to be used as suffix for the identify, Safety Crew, and Key Pair of the cases.

The following web page (Determine 3) presentations you the credentials web page. You wish to have to stick within the AWS Get right of entry to ID and AWS Secret Key. Then you’ll be able to make a selection an SSH key for the hosts; on this demo I can let Cloudera Supervisor generate a brand new key pair for my cases, and the personal key shall be to be had for obtain at the subsequent web page as soon as the cases are introduced. When you add an current personal SSH key, Cloudera Supervisor will extract the general public section and authorize it to your AWS account.

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 3: Cloud Categorical Wizard – Credentials

Continue to the evaluation web page (Determine 4), the place you’ll be able to double-check your set up settings. You’ll be able to simply return to switch the settings. Then again, as soon as the cases are provisioned, you should terminate  them with the intention to make adjustments.

Word that once provisioning the example fails on “503 Error: Api Request Restrict exceeded”, it’s most likely as a result of different programs (or customers) are issuing API calls to the similar AWS account on the identical time, or since you are launching a lot of cases without delay. (In checking out we effectively spun up as many as 20 cases  concurrently.) This limitation shall be got rid of in a long term Cloudera Supervisor liberate.

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 4: Cloud Categorical Wizard – Overview Set up

The evaluation web page signifies you might be about to put in the newest applications of CDH and Impala. Recently that is the one supported choice on this set up wizard. If the entirety seems to be proper, click on the “Get started Set up” button. (Word: if node set up fails as a result of “CM did not obtain a heartbeat from Agent”, Verify that port 7182 is permitted within the Safety Crew of Cloudera Supervisor server and re-try the set up.)

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 5: AWS internet console – EC2 example began by means of Cloudera Supervisor

Cloudera Supervisor makes use of jclouds to create new key pair and safety staff, and to release the EC2 cases. The brand new cases may even seem to your AWS EC2 console (Determine 5). You’ll be able to see that the protection staff and the important thing pair begins with “jclouds#” prefix. Additionally, all ports required for CDH have already been enabled. Provisioning new cases takes generally lower than 5 mins.

As soon as the cases are effectively provisioned, you’ll be able to obtain the personal SSH key (Determine 6). It’s a good suggestion to obtain the important thing in case one thing is going unsuitable and you want to SSH in to analyze the problem. Then again, this set up trail gained’t require us to do the rest manually at the far off hosts.

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 6: Cloud Categorical Wizard – Cases effectively provisioned

The following display screen seems to be acquainted in case you’ve used the vintage specific wizard in Cloudera Supervisor. It presentations the development of bundle set up at the newly provisioned hosts (Determine 7).

How-to: Create a CDH Cluster on Amazon EC2 via Cloudera Manager
Determine 7: Cloud Categorical Wizard – Package deal set up

After completing the bundle set up, you’ll be able to continue to the Host Inspector and Services and products First Run web page – you’re carried out. Congratulations, the CDH cluster is up and operating now!

Word: The hosts can’t be terminated from Cloudera Supervisor, with the intention to do this you’ll want to use EC2 CLI gear or the AWS internet console as an alternative. Pass to the Cases web page in, make a selection the example you created for the server and all of the cases introduced by means of the wizard (trace: use the Crew Identify string to clear out them out), and click on “Movements > Terminate”.

Emanuel Buzek is a Device Engineer at the Endeavor crew.

Editor’s Word (added Feb. 28, 2014): The directions above are deprecated for Cloudera Supervisor releases past 4.5. Please confer with this doc for directions referring to releases 4.6 and later.


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